Candide, Voltaire's optimism
The theatre Baj Pomorski was set up in 1945 by a highly appreciated Polish scenographer, Irena Pikiel-Samurewicz. She gained experience in the theatre of puppets form Vilnus. It firstly existed in Bydgoszcz and after some time it moved to Toruń. Since 2003, Zbigniew Lisowski has been the artistic director of the theatre. From the very beginning, Baj Pomorski makes puppet productions of the most important pieces of the world's children literature. For many years it also performs for adults. In 1960 the first festival of puppets was initiated. Continuing its tradition, for the past 11 years it has been organizing the Toruń International Festival of Puppets Theatres for children and for adults. It is one of the biggest festivals of its kind. "Candide, Voltaire's optimism" Director and Screenplay: Paweł Aigner, Set Design: Aneta Tulisz-Skórzyńska, Music: Jerzy Derfel, Songs and Music Consultancy: Maciej Wojtyszko Candide - "the metaphysical optimism", is Voltaire's tribute to human resilience. It is a mocking and satirical book, so ever present today! Voltaire's Candide is a story of an innocent man's experiences in the mad and evil world, and his struggle to achieve happiness taking the easy way out. Candide is abruptly exiled from the castle when found kissing the Baron's daughter, Cunegonde. Devastated by the separation from Cunegonde, his true love, he sets out to different places in the hope of finding her and achieving total happiness. On his journey, he faces a number of misfortunes, yet he continues to believe that there is a "cause and effect" for everything Throughout Candide, we see how accepting situations and not trying to change or overcome obstacles can be damaging. Life is full of struggles, but it would be nonproductive if people passively accepted whatever fate had in store for them, shrugging off their personal responsibility. The spectacle tells us that people should not allow themselves to be victims. It sneers at naive, accepting types, informing us that people must try hard to reach their utopia.